Cat Health Problems with Infectious Diseases

cat health problemsBelow we will cover some of the more common cat health problems you may encounter with your cat. Concerning health issues includes genetic and infectious cat diseases. In this article we’ll talk about Infectious disease.

Infectious Cat Diseases, also known as transmissible diseases or communicable diseases, are caused by the presence of organisms such as parasites, viruses, bacteria, fungi.

Feline Leukemia Virus

FeLV or Feline Leukemia Virus is transmitted with the transfer of saliva or nasal secretions. This disease can be transferred with close contact to infected animals or when sharing a feeding dish. Feline Leukemia is a virus, not a cancer and if the virus can not be defeated by the animal’s immune system, it can be lethal.

Feline Immunodefiency Virus

Commonly called Feline AIDS, Feline immunodefiency Virus or FIV affects domesticated house cats worldwide. FIV and FeLV are of the same biological family, but are often mistaken for one another. However, many of the disorders caused by FeLV and FIV are similar but, the viruses differ in many ways.

Rabies in Cats

Rabies is a fatal disease transmitted by the bite of an infected animal. Rabies in cats is rare in many developed countries making up only 4.6% of reported cases of infected animals. With 99% of all human deaths from rabies occurring in South America, Asia, and Africa.

Cats with rabies suffer brain deterioration and tend to behave aggressively, increasing the chance to transmit the disease to a person or another animal.

Feline Viral Rhinotracheitis

The Viral respiratory disease feline viral rhinotracheitis (FVR)  is is an upper respiratory infection of cats and is found worldwide. Caused by feline herpesvirus 1 (FHV-1), of the family Herpesviridae. It is also known as feline influenza.  Very contagious, FVR  can cause severe disease, including pneumonia and death in kittens.

Feline calicivirus

Feline calicivirus is the other common cause of feline respiratory disease. Feline calicivirus (FCV) is a virus of the family Caliciviridae that causes respiratory infection in cats.

Chlamydophila Felis

Chlamydophila felis is a bacterium endemic among house cats worldwide. Primarily causing inflammation of feline conjunctiva, rhinitis and respiratory problems. C. felis can be recovered from the stomach and reproductive tract. Infection of humans (Zoonotic) with the C. felis has been reported,  but rare.

Feline Panleukopenia

More commonly known as feline distemper, Feline panleukopenia (FPV) caused by the feline parvovirus, is a close relative of canine parvovirus but, is not related to canine distemper. FPV is commonly spread through contact with an infected cat’s feces, bodily fluids, or fleas.

What is Feline Infectious Peritonitis

Feline infectious peritonitis (FIP) is a viral disease with certain strains of a virus called the feline coronavirus. Most strains of feline coronavirus are avirulent, which means that they do not cause disease, and are referred to as feline enteric coronavirus.

The mutated virus has the ability to invade and grow in certain white blood cells. With the assistance of the antibodies that are supposed to protect the cat, white blood cells are infected with virus, and then transport the virus throughout the cat’s body.

Often in the abdomen, brain or kidney, an intense inflammatory reaction between the body’s own immune system and the virus that is responsible for the disease.

Infectious diseases can pose significant cat health problems if left unattended. If you believe your cat has disease, schedule an appointment with your vet immediately!