Strengthen Immune System With Feline Leukemia

Feline leukemia (Felv) is a retroviruses that is transmitted by contact with infected cats and is transferred through body fluids and saliva.

If not treated the virus causes a form of cancer of the blood cells called Lymphocytes (Leukemia).

Cats diagnosed are often found to have feline infectious peritonitis also (fip), but the diseases are two separate entities.

If your cat tests negative, this just means your cat does not have the feline leukemia virus in its complete form.

Evidence has shown that portions of the virus might linger in cats that have successfully conquered felv exposure, because most adults overcome the feline leukemia virus. Portions of the virus remains within the genes of the cat.

Felv and Fiv comparison

Often mistaken for one another, Felv and Fiv (Feline immunodeficiency virus) are from the same family but differ in many ways, although many of the diseases caused by FeLv and fiv are similar, the cause of disease also differs between the two. While the feline leukemia virus typically causes symptomatic illness in infected cats, the fiv infected cat can remain completely asymptomatic for its life.

Feline leukemia Transmission

Felv in cats can be sources of transmission.  Transmission occurs through close contact, saliva, fighting, through food dish sharing or sharing of the litter box (although it is rare), and during nursing. An infected mother can transfer it to the kittens before they are born, or during nursing.

Evidence shows kittens under 4 months of age are susceptible to infection, but by 8 months have built immunity and are in better cat health and resistant to it.

Due to the amount of contact city cats have with each other, infection is much higher in city cats than in rural animals.

Feline Leukemia Symptoms

Signs and symptoms of the virus to look for in a cat you may suspect has been infected with the virus are varied and include litter box avoidance, weight loss, skin lesions, stomatitis, gingivitis, bladder and respiratory tract, seizures, lymphadenopathy (swollen lymph nodes), skin lesions.

Feline Leukemia Treatment

The only approved feline leukemia treatment is interferon omega in Europe and lymphocyte t-cell immunomodulator in the United States, but other treatments are being investigated.